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Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Find Certified PHEVs

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) combine two propulsion modes in one vehicle – an electric motor that is battery powered and can be plugged in and recharged and a gasoline engine that can be refueled with gasoline.  Different PHEVs will vary in how far they can travel on battery-power alone. 

Two types of PHEVs are on the market, with both offering some all-electric range.  One type of PHEV operates only on battery power until the engine is needed to provide energy to the batteries. The other type operates on a mix of battery and engine power after the all-electric range has run down.

PHEV Characteristics


Electric motor / battery plus gasoline engine


Recharge with electricity OR refuel with gasoline


PHEVs can travel on battery power alone between 15 – 35 miles, and 300+ in gasoline-electric hybrid mode.


Time: PHEVs take about 1 hour to fully charge using a 220-volt charger, and about 3 hours at 120-volts.

Charger Type: Charging from a 120-volt outlet is usually preferred by PHEV drivers, since there is no cost for charging equipment and the time to charge is minimal.

Cost: The cost will depend upon the ratio of electric to gasoline miles you drive.


PHEVs typically have Lithium Ion batteries, but they are smaller than those found in pure BEVs.


PHEVs have very low emissions. Actual emissions depend upon the electric to gasoline ratio used.


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