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Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Find Certified PHEVs

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) combine two propulsion modes in one vehicle – an electric motor that is battery powered and can be plugged in and recharged and a gasoline engine that can be refueled with gasoline.  Different PHEVs will vary in how far they can travel on battery-power alone. 

Two types of PHEVs are on the market, with both offering some all-electric range.  One type of PHEV operates only on battery power until the engine is needed to provide energy to the batteries. The other type operates on a mix of battery and engine power after the all-electric range has run down.

PHEV Characteristics

Propulsion

Electric motor / battery plus gasoline engine

Refueling

Recharge with electricity OR refuel with gasoline

Range

PHEVs can travel on battery power alone between 15 – 35 miles, and 300+ in gasoline-electric hybrid mode.

Charging

Time: PHEVs take about 1 hour to fully charge using a 220-volt charger, and about 3 hours at 120-volts.

Charger Type: Charging from a 120-volt outlet is usually preferred by PHEV drivers, since there is no cost for charging equipment and the time to charge is minimal.

Cost: The cost will depend upon the ratio of electric to gasoline miles you drive.

Battery

PHEVs typically have Lithium Ion batteries, but they are smaller than those found in pure BEVs.

Emissions

PHEVs have very low emissions. Actual emissions depend upon the electric to gasoline ratio used.

 

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This document was printed from DriveClean.ca.gov.